Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure is when your blood pressure increases to levels considered as ‘unhealthy’. The measurement of blood pressure takes into account the amount of blood that is passing through the blood vessels and also the resistance amount met when the heart is pumping.

Arteries that are narrow increase the resistance. The blood pressure rises with narrow arteries. This can cause serious problems over a period of time.

Hypertension is common these days due to the hectic life-style followed by most of the people. This tends to develop over a period of time and most of the time you do not notice any symptoms. High blood pressure or hypertension, without any symptoms, can damage organs and also the blood vessels.

Symptoms of Hypertension:

Hypertension is considered to be a ‘silent’ condition. Most people do not show any symptoms. The symptoms become obvious only after years or probably, even decades. Some of the symptoms of hypertension include

  1. Flushing
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Dizziness
  4. Headaches
  5. Blood in the urine
  6. Nosebleeds
  7. Chest pain
  8. Visual changes

It is important to seek medical attention immediately with the above-mentioned symptoms being present. Any delay can work out to be fatal.  It is important to get readings of your blood pressure on a regular basis to know whether you have hypertension or no. Most doctors take this reading at every appointment.

Diagnosing High Blood Pressure:

As mentioned, a reading of the blood pressure is an indication of whether you are suffering from hypertension or no. Here are some readings of the blood pressure to give you a fair idea of how this works.

  1. Normal Reading:

A normal reading of blood pressure is below 120/80 mm Hg.

  1. Elevated Blood Pressure:

The systolic pressure that ranges from 120 to 129 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mm Hg is elevated blood pressure. This can get worse over a period of time if no steps are taken to control.

  1. Hypertension Stage I:

Systolic pressure that ranges between 130 to 139 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure ranging from 80 to 89 mm Hg is considered as hypertension in Stage I.

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Stage 2  Hypertension:

Systolic pressure between 140 mm Hg and higher and a diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg is severe hypertension, or Stage 2 hypertension.

Both numbers of reading are important. After the age of 50, the systolic reading is more important. Systolic hypertension isolated case is a condition in which the diastolic pressure is normal but the systolic pressure is high. This type of blood pressure is common mostly in those who are 65 years of age or older.

Before diagnosing you with high blood pressure, your doctor will take two to three readings of the blood pressure each at different appointments. Blood pressure tends to vary during the different times of the day and there is a possibility of this getting elevated during your visit to the doctor.

The blood pressure needs to be measured in both arms to find out if there is any difference.