Somnath Temple- Gujarat


Shiv Temple

The Somnath temple (also known as the Deo Patan) located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat, India is believed to be the first among the twelve jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is an important pilgrimage and tourist spot in Gujarat. Reconstructed several times in the past after repeated destruction by several invaders and rulers, the present temple was reconstructed in the Chaulukya style of Hindu temple architecture and completed in May 1951. The reconstruction was started under the orders of the Home Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel and completed after his death.

Somnath temple

The temple is considered sacred due to the various legends connected to it. Somnath means “Lord of the Soma“, an epithet of Lord Shiva.

The Somnath temple is known as “the Shrine Eternal“, following a book by K. M. Munshi by this title and his narration of the temple’s destruction and reconstruction many times in history.


According to tradition, the Shivalinga in Somnath is one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India, where Shiva is believed to have appeared as a fiery column of light. The jyotirlingas are taken as the supreme, undivided reality out of which Shiva partly appears.

Each of the 12 jyotirlinga sites takes the name of a different manifestation of Shiva. At all these sites, the primary image is a lingam representing the beginning-less and endless stambha (pillar), symbolizing the infinite nature of Shiva. In addition to the one at Somnath, the others are at Varanasi, Rameswaram, Dwarka, etc.

Somnath temple

Location Veraval
State Gujarat
Country India
Affiliation Hinduism
District Gir Somnath
Deity Somnath (Shiva)
Festivals Maha Shivaratri
Governing body

Shree Somnath Trust of Gujarat

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Somnath Temple- Gujarat