Bloating, cramping, lower back pain, mood swings, fatigue, the list seems endless. While the symptoms are mild for some, others are not so lucky. According to reports, dysmenorrhea, or extreme period pain, ends up interfering with the regular life of around 1 in every 5 women. Here are a few remedies that may prove beneficial during your period.
Drinking plenty of water may help in reducing bloating, which in turn helps in easing discomfort. You can also reduce your salt intake, as salt is a known culprit when it comes to bloating or water retention. You can consume plain water, infuse it with fruit, or sip on ginger tea.
Applying a heat patch or a hot water bottle to your back and abdomen can help in pain relief. Applying a hot water bag helps by relaxing the uterine muscles. If you do not have a hot water bottle, you can use a hot towel or take a warm bath. You can also make your own heating pad by sewing two pieces of cloth, leaving a hole on the top. Fill up the fabric bag with raw rice and sew it up. This bag can then be heated and used.
You can make an herbal tea using black pepper and ginger. Ginger helps in reducing period pain. It is also known to aid in making periods regular and aid in premenstrual fatigue.
According to research, certain essential oils can ease cramps if you massage them onto your abdomen. Some of the most effective oils are lavender, sage, rose, cinnamon, clove, marjoram, etc. You can mix the oils in a carrier oil like coconut. Once the mix is ready, take a few drops and massage your tummy gently.
Cumin has anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic properties, due to which it may help in relieving menstrual pain. A great way to consume cumin seeds is to make herbal tea.
Though you may balk at the prospect of getting up from the bed with the pain, mild aerobic exercises may help reduce the pain. Exercising releases endorphins that counteract the prostaglandins (that cause the uterine muscles to contract) and also increases circulation. Yoga asanas like pranayama also aid in easing menstrual cramps.
Caffeine, alcohol, salty foods, and fatty foods can cause water retention and discomfort. Anti-inflammatory foods like bell peppers, tomatoes, are great choices. You can include brown rice, nuts, olive oil, broccoli, chicken, fish, leafy vegetables, bananas, chickpeas, avocados, cucumber, watermelon, lettuce, berries, sesame seeds in your diet to better manage your menstrual discomfort.
You can also try fennel, cinnamon, dill, curcumin, fish oil to ease menstrual discomfort.
If you have severe pain with very heavy bleeding, you can consult a doctor, who may help you to diagnose the cause.