Re-infection of COVID-19: Karnataka is all set to cross 4 lakh coronavirus cases in a day or so. There is a constant spike in cases in this state. There has been a case of re-infection of the virus and this has been a cause of great worry for the health authorities. This re-infection case is the first such case in the whole country.
Jawaid Akhtar, Additional Chief Secretary of Karnataka, spoke to a Health Magazine about the battle the state I waging against the coronavirus.
He states that the number of tests conducted in Karnataka has been increased and this is as per the instructions of the Government. According to him, the number of tests conducted previously was about 10,000 to 15,000, and now this is almost 75,000. He clarifies that with the increase in testing the number of ‘positive’ cases of COVID-19 will definitely rise.
The aim, at present, is to bring down the rate of positivity to only 5%. In the month of July, his was nearly 20% and at present, they have managed to bring this down to 14%. They aim to test in big numbers, especially those living in containment zones and those with mild symptoms. Curing people early can bring down the rate of fatality.
According to Akhtar, the re-infection case, at present, is being studied by the doctors. A woman of 27 years had tested positive with the COVID-19 infection in the month of July. She was discharged after she had recovered. On Sunday, Fortis hospital declared that the same woman was re-infected. This is now a cause of concern.
The on-going tests conducted on this woman, indicate that she had not developed immunity to the disease.
The Infectious Diseases Consultant, Dr. Pratik Patil, has explained how the woman got re-infected.
Under normal circumstances, in case of infection, Covid Immunoglobulin G test for antibody comes ‘positive’ after a time-span of 2 to 3 weeks of the infection. This shows that the patient has developed the cells to fight off the disease.
The antibody test of this patient is ‘negative’. This can mean that either she did not develop any immunity after the first infection or that the antibodies that were formed disappeared within a span of one month. This leaves the patient susceptible to the infection. The doctor clarified that the symptoms of the re-infection are mild and nothing to worry about.
These cases of re-infection mean that not every individual can produce the antibodies, or probably, even if they do develop, the antibodies might not last long.
This finding can really be a cause of worrying as the efficacy of the vaccine can be problematic. Controlling the pandemic can be tougher with the ever-rising cases not only in India but around the world.
The scientists have declared that these cases of re-infection are very rare and that there is nothing to worry about. They are going in for further studies to get a clear picture of this re-infection.